Gibril Massaquoi est actuellement jugé pour avoir incité et commis des meurtres de civils et de combattants ennemis, des viols aggravés, des crimes de guerre aggravés et des violations aggravées des droits de l'homme sous l’état d'urgence.

Le procès de Massaquoi a débuté à Tampere, en Finlande, le 1er février 2021. Le procès se poursuivra ensuite au Libéria et en Sierra Leone.

Lorsque cela est possible, les pseudonymes sont ceux ceux utilisés dans les documents de l'accusation en préparation du procès. En outre, Civitas Maxima a attribué des pseudonymes aux victimes et/ou témoins nommés afin de protéger encore davantage leur identité.

Civitas Maxima, en collaboration avec nos partenaires au Liberia, le Centre pour les droits humains, le genre et la migration de l'Université de Washington (États-Unis) et l'Université de La Haye (Pays-Bas), proposera chaque jour un résumé du déroulement du procès.

La partie artistique est réalisée par Kalonji Artet Lesli Lumeh en collaboration avec New Narratives.

Traduction française réalisée par Natacha Bracq.

La traduction française sera publiée avec un certain retard par rapport à la version anglaise. Merci de votre compréhension.

Disclaimer

Civitas Maxima believes that local populations – those who bear the consequences of the gravest war crimes and human rights violations committed in their countries – have the right to accessible and unbiased information about the trials of alleged war criminals.

This is why we conduct trial monitoring, so that what is being said in court is available to all, especially the affected populations who cannot travel to the country where the trail is held, or who otherwise do not have access to the hearings.

Civitas Maxima does not provide official court transcripts.

How trial monitoring for the Massaquoi case works

Local partners are physically present at the venues where the hearings are taking place (Finland, Liberia, and Sierra Leone) in order to take notes of what is being said in court, as accurately as possible. 

These draft notes are then summarised by students from the Hague University (Netherlands) and the Washington University Centre pour les droits humains, le genre et la migration (United States). These summaries of each hearing day, as well as weekly recaps, are published on our website.  

Limitations

The official language of the proceedings is Finnish. While our Finnish-speaking partners can follow the entirety of the proceedings in Tampere, our local partners in Liberia and Sierra Leone are only able to capture what is said in English or translated by the official Court interpreters. As a result, during the hearings in Liberia and Sierra Leone, any discussions between the parties which is conducted in Finnish and not translated is not captured in our trial monitoring.

Anonymization

While the Finnish authorities utilized a naming system (Civilian XX, Soldier XX, Employee XX, etc.) to protect the identities of persons and witnesses involved in the case, they did not anonymize the names of all persons mentioned during the trial or named in the pre-trial material.

Civitas Maxima’s primary concern is the safety and security of all persons, and ensuring that we do not contribute to the possibly identification of anyone involved. We have therefore followed the naming convention utilized by the Finnish authorities, and supplemented this with our own naming system in order to anonymize all named persons, with the exception of well-known individuals, such as senior officials, who have testified or been named in other public trials and/or the Reports of the Liberian Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

In addition, we have anonymized a small number of place names (clearly marked in the summary with [Place x]) when this was considered necessary to protect identities or specific investigative practices.

Accuracy regarding locations

Wherever possible, we have cross referenced the town and village names mentioned by the witnesses with official maps of Liberia and Sierra Leone, in order to capture as accurately as possible the correct locations. However, there have been difficulties capturing some place names, particularly in respect of very small remote towns, and spellings vary. In cases of doubt, the names recorded by our local partners is followed.

Verbatim notes taken by our trial monitors are available to journalists on request. Please contact comms@civitas-maxima.org to request access.



Week in Review – Week 7

Week in Review – Week 7 Introduction to Week 7’s hearings and witnesses The seventh week of the Gibril Massaquoi trial ended on 26 March 2021, after three days of hearings in Monrovia, Liberia. Hearings focused on the testimony of eight witnesses. As with prior witnesses, their identities were concealed. The witnesses were heard in […]

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Week in Review – Week 6

The sixth week of the Gibril Massaquoi trial ended on 19 March 2021 after three days of hearings in Monrovia, Liberia. Hearings focused on the testimony of ten witnesses, the first of whom returned to finalise his testimony about his experiences in Waterside during the Second Civil War, after first appearing during the previous week’s hearings.

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Week in Review – Week 5

The fifth week of the Gibril Massaquoi trial ended on 10 March 2021, after three days of hearings in Monrovia, Liberia. Hearings focused on the testimony of seven witnesses, six of whom recounted their experiences during and after an attack at the Waterside market in Monrovia.

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Week in Review – Week 4

La quatrième semaine du procès de Gibril Massaquoi s'est terminée le 5 mars 2021, après trois jours d'audience à Monrovia, au Libéria. Les audiences étaient dédiées aux témoignages de huit témoins, qui ont raconté leur expérience lors d'une attaque au marché Waterside de Monrovia, au Libéria. Comme pour les témoins précédents, l'identité de tous les témoins a été dissimulée.

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Week in Review – Week 3

La troisième semaine du procès de Gibril Massaquoi s'est achevée le 25 février 2021, après trois jours d'audience. Le procès s'est déplacé de Tampere, en Finlande, à Monrovia, au Liberia, pour entendre les témoins et permettre aux autorités finlandaises de visiter les sites où M. Massaquoi aurait commis des violations du droit pénal finlandais et du droit international pénal. L'Accusé est resté en Finlande et une liaison vidéo a été mise en place pour lui permettre de suivre les procédures en temps réel. 

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Week in Review – Week 2

La deuxième semaine du procès de Gibril Massaquoi s'est terminée le 12 février 2021, après trois jours d'audiences publiques à Tampere, en Finlande. Le premier jour d'audience a été consacré à la suite de la présentation des preuves documentaires par la défense. Les deuxième et troisième jours, M. Massaquoi a présenté son propre témoignage à la Cour et a été interrogé par la Défense et le Ministère public.

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11/02/21 [Finland] Day 5: Mr. Massaquoi is Heard

Le juge a ouvert le cinquième jour d'audience publique en annonçant que M. Massaquoi, l'Accusé, sera entendu aujourd'hui. Il a expliqué que la Défense, dirigée par M. Gummerus, commencera par poser des questions, suivie par l'Accusation, dirigée par M. Laitinen. Le juge a déclaré que l'Accusé n'était pas tenu de répondre aux questions ou de répondre honnêtement. 

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04/02/21 [Finland] Day 2: Introducing the Case

The second day of public hearings at the Pirkanmaa District Court began with the Assistant Prosecutor delivering an overview of the Prosecution’s case. The Assistant Prosecutor began by showing various locations to make sure the Court had an overview of the crime sites.  The following places were emphasized by the Assistant Prosecutor…

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03/02/21 [Finland] Day 1: the Charges Are Read

The first day of public hearings in the trial of Mr. Gibril Massaquoi began at the Pirkanmaa District Court in Tampere, Finland on 3 February 2021, with District Judge Paiho (Chair) noting that, in the preparatory hearing, it was decided that a judicial examination of the case shall be arranged in Liberia, and that the details of this examination would be determined at a later date.

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